Strategy III.6

Intensive program for addressing the quality aspects of drinking water particularly in rural areas

Rural drinking water supply is a State subject. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS) supplements the efforts of the States by providing them with technical and financial assistance under the centrally sponsored National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for providing safe and adequate drinking water facilities in rural areas of the country. Status of habitations in terms of drinking water supply in rural areas considering basic minimum requirement of 40 lpcd, as reported by States on IMIS as on 07/05/2015, is as under:

 

 

 

S. No.

Category

No. Of Habitations

1

Total no of rural habitations in the country

16,96,664

2

Fully covered (100% population coverage) habitations

13,26,192

3

Partially covered (with 40 LPCD) habitations

3,07,190

4

Not covered (0% population coverage with at least 40 lpcd)

0

5

Quality affected

63,282

 

 

 

The MoDWS monitors primarily five major drinking water quality parameters, namely, Arsenic, Fluoride, salinity, Iron and Nitrate which are generally found in the ground water. As per the online data captured from Integrated Monitoring Information System (IMIS) as on 5th May, 2015, States have reported 63,282 water quality affected rural habitations (Arsenic-1,482, Fluoride-11,309, Salinity-16,289, Iron-32,020 and Nitrate-2,182) in the country which are yet to be provided safe drinking water. There are 25,698 rural habitations affected with Arsenic, fluoride and heavy toxic metal contamination in drinking water as on 07/05/2015. Rajasthan, West-Bengal and Punjab are the most affected with these contaminants.

 

 

 

The Health Ministry has identified 60 high priority districts affected by Japanese Encephalitis/ Acute Encephalitis  Syndrome in five States namely Assam, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West-Bengal as per the breakup given below-

 

 

 

S. No.

Name of the State

No of high priority Districts

1

Assam

10

2

Bihar

15

3

Tamil Nadu

5

4

Uttar Pradesh

20

5

West Bengal

10

 

Total

60

 

 

 

Providing piped water supply using alternate safe water sources, preferably surface water, is the long term and sustainable solution to tackle all types of chemical contamination as per the status paper.

 

 

 

However, since piped water supply schemes generally take about 4-5years, the MoDWS had started a new scheme for installation of community water purification plants in remaining fluoride, arsenic, uranium, and other heavy toxic metals and pesticides/fertilizers affected rural habitations in the country for providing safe drinking water to the people at risk as an interim measure.

For more information: http://indiawater.gov.in/imisreports/nrdwpmain.aspx